- IANA name:
- OpenSSL name:
- GnuTLS name:
- Hex code:
- 0x00, 0x91
- TLS Version(s):
- TLS1.0, TLS1.1, TLS1.2, TLS1.3
- Transport Layer Security (TLS)
- Key Exchange:
- PFS Diffie-Hellman Ephemeral (DHE)
- Pre-Shared Key (PSK)
- Advanced Encryption Standard with 256bit key in Cipher Block Chaining mode (AES 256 CBC)
- HMAC Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA)
- Included in RFC:
The so-called DHEat Attack affects cryptographic protocols using the Diffie Hellman key exchange (incl. TLS). According to its authors, it exploits a potocol particularity that may allow attackers to perform a DoS attack "with a low-bandwidth network connection without authentication, privilege, or user interaction."
The so-called Raccoon Attack affects the specifications of TLS 1.2 and below when using a DH(E) key exchange. According to the researchers, while very hard to exploit, in rare circumstances this timing attack allows attackers to decrypt the connection between users and the server. A fix has been introduced in the TLS 1.3 specification.
In 2013, researchers demonstrated a timing attack against several TLS implementations using the CBC encryption algorithm (see isg.rhul.ac.uk). Additionally, the CBC mode is vulnerable to plain-text attacks in TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0 and lower. A fix has been introduced with TLS 1.2 in form of the GCM mode which is not vulnerable to the BEAST attack. GCM should be preferred over CBC.
The Secure Hash Algorithm 1 has been proven to be insecure as of 2017 (see shattered.io).